U.S. English Foundation Research

General Information

Tallinn 427,500 (1996 est.)


45,227 sq km (17,400 sq mi)

Form of government

Unitary multiparty republic with a single legislative body

GDP per capita

Purchasing power parity-$5,600 (1999 est.)


1,408,523 (July 1999 est.)

Updated (August 2008)

In 2007, there were 1,342,409 residents in Estonia, of these 921,962 ethnic Estonians (based on the figures released in the Yearbook of Statistics).

Among the ethnic groups living in Estonia, the biggest in number were ethnic Russian residents (344,280).

Ukrainians (28,1580) were the next biggest group in 2007. The number of Belarussians living in the country was 16,133 and the number of the fifth largest ethnic group